Glossary of Bowling TermsBack Bowl: A bowl that comes to rest beyond the Jack. Backhand Draw: When the bowl is aimed to the left of the Jack, and curves to the right (for left-handed bowlers).Be Up: Instruction from Skip to bowl longer (don't be short of Jack). Bias: Weighted offset to make the bowl curve. The bias side of the bowl is noted by the smaller button. Bias is correct when the bowl curves towards the Jack. Blocker: A bowl that blocks someone (usually an opponent) from reaching the desired target.Bowl/s: The sport of Lawn Bowling or Bowls is played with a Bowl. The Bowl is made with a bias, which causes it to curve to the right or left, depending on the grip.Dead End / Burned End: When the Jack has been knocked out of bounds. The end is not counted and is played again. Draw Shot: Shots where the bowl is rolled to a specific location without causing too much disturbance of bowls already at the Head (See Hand). Drive: This involves bowling with considerable force with the aim of knocking either the Jack or a specific bowl(s) out of play. Dead Bowl: When a bowl either goes in the ditch or rests outside the rink/lane field of play.Down: When your team does not have the Shot Bowl (closest to the Jack), you are considered to be Down. You may be down by one or more points. End: Means playing of the Jack and all bowls of both opponents in the same direction on a Rink. Bowling to the Jack is called "one end." The number of Ends played is decided by Club Rules. A typical game has 14 ends in social games, 18 in tournaments. Club rules vary.Foot Fault: A foot fault occurs when the bowler does not have one foot over the mat on release of the bowl. Foot may be on the mat or in the air. Forehand Draw: When the bowl is aimed to the right of the Jack, and curves to the left (for right-handed bowlers). Fours: A team of 4 players ( Lead, Second, Third and Skip). Each player uses 2 bowls.Gren: Lawn bowls is played on a square "Green" of grass or synthetic material, with directions being alternated to protect the grass. The Hammer: The final bowl of the end. Newer rules allow the winning team on an end to give away the mat and so retain control of the hammer. Hand: The side on which the bowl is delivered: either Forehand or Backhand. Head: Rolling bowls toward Jack to build up a Head, which means such bowls that have come to rest within the boundary of the Rink and have not been declared dead. Hog Line: Special markers (often flags for tournaments) that dictate the minimum line beyond which the jack must be rolled for the end to be valid. Holding Shot: Team with their bowl(s) closest to Jack (see also Shot Bowl). Hook: Shape to the end some bowls take, especially older Classic bowls with extreme bias. Jack: White ball or "kitty" used as a target to play to, which determines point scoring (see Points). Lane: See Rink.Lead: The person who starts off the play. Also places the Mat and rolls the Jack if their team "has the mat".Mat: The actual mat that is placed by the team losing the last end, to start the next end. This is also known as having the Mat. The team with the mat always rolls the Jack. Newer rules allow the winning team to give away the mat, thereby losing control of the Jack, but ensuring they have the final bowl of the end (the Hammer).Match: The completion of all ends.Measure: When bowls are too close to visually decide which one is closer, it is known as a measure. Players carry special lawn bowls tape measures to do this. The distance is irrelevant so the tapes are only used to see who is closest. Natato Bowl: A badly rolled (or released) bowl that hops, skips and jumps. Promoting a Bowl: Using your bowl to promote your teammate’s bowl into a better position.Rink: A ‘lane’ on the Green playing surface. It can be 14-19 feet wide. Each Rink is defined by markers on the edge to clearly define the lane. Multiple matches can be played simultaneously. Second/Vice: The person who plays after the Lead and is responsible for deciding the winner of a head and recording the results. Shot Bowl: The bowl closest to the Jack.Singles: A one-person team. May use 4, 3 or 2 bowls.Skip: The team captain who always plays last. This person is usually the most experienced player, who also guides the strategy.Third/Vice-Skip: Can measure disputed shots and relay the score to the Skip.Tie: When the two closest bowls are both exactly the same distance from the jack and belong to opposing teams, even after measurement, the end is declared a tie.Touchers: Bowls that hit the Jack. These bowls are marked with chalk and remain "alive", even if they are in the ditch. Trial Ends: Formal practice ends, usually only allowed at the start of a tournament, in which each team rolls 2 bowls down and back to get a feel of the Green. Such ends do not count in the scoring. Triples: A game in which each team has 3 players on their team ( Lead, Second and Skip). Typically each player then only uses 2 or 3 bowls each. Up: When your team does have the Shot Bowl, you are considered to be Up. You may be Up by one or more points. Vice: The bowl is started too far out of the centerline to the Jack (also called taking too much "Grass"). Wick: When a bowl bounces off another bowl. (This term is derived from curling). Woods: An old term for bowls. YardOn:AshotdeliveredwithanextradegreeofspeedtodisplaceordisturbotherbowlsintheHeadwithintentofkillingtheEnd.